Arguably the most famous French wines come from the Bordeaux region, which is situated in the southwest of France along the Garonne River.
The region of Bordeaux has become known around the world for its red wines that are always cuvée of several varieties. The most common varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, and to a slightly lesser degree, Petit Verdot, Malbec and Cabernet Franc.
On the left bank of the Garonne River, the winemakers use the red wine grape variety Cabernet Sauvignon, which gives their wines a higher content of alcohol, tannins and acid. These wines are ideal for long-term consumption. The most renowned districts are Médoc and Graves. The worldwide reputation of wines from Bordeaux is based on the character of these wines from the left bank.
Meanwhile, the wines from the right bank contain a higher percentage of Merlot, which therefore means the final cuvée is smoother, has a lower alcohol content, and fewer tannins.
The most well-known districts from the left bank are the Médoc and its subdistricts Pauillac and Margaux. The most well-known right bank districts are Saint-Émilion and Pomerol.
The white wines Pessac-Léognan and botrytis wine Sauternes are also produced in Bordeaux. The wines are bottled in a Bordeaux-type bottle, which is characterised by its shoulders and cylindrical shape.