Burgundy is one of the most well-known wine regions in France. Among Burgundy wines are the full-bodied reds made from Pinot Noir grapes and the whites made from Chardonnay and Aligoté grapes varieties.
The most prestigious and expensive wine in the world comes from the vineyard of Romanée-Conti in Burgundy, which is situated close to the town of Vosne-Romanée. Burgundy produces several wines which are classified in the highest French category –Grand cru – which amounts to only two percent of the total production. The most well-recognised vineyards are located in the Côte d’Or region.
Classification of the wines in Burgundy highlights the origin of the vineyard, or terroir, a French term that literally translated means ‘earth’, or ‘soil’. This is why wine labels from this region indicate the terroir with a larger font than that used for the name of the winery. Wines from Burgundy are traditionally bottled in a special bottle known as the Burgundy-type bottle.
The grape variety Gamay, which is used for the production of the young wine Beaujolais, also comes from Burgundy. Beaujolais is generally not included in the category of Burgundy wines because of its short-term duration and fast recommended consumption time.